Juniper Trees – The Tree Center Sun, 03 Jul 2022 21:57:20 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Juniper Trees – The Tree Center 32 32 Holger’s Juniper Wed, 16 Feb 2022 07:02:49 +0000
  • Beautiful spring foliage of creamy-yellow to sulfur-yellow
  • Fall and winter foliage is bright silvery-blue
  • Beautiful flat-topped form with drooping branch tips
  • Great specimen plant for foundation planting and slopes
  • Very easy to grow and both drought and salt resistant
  • Full sun is best for Holger’s Juniper, to give the best color development and good growth. It grows in any well-drained soils, including rocky and sandy soil, or urban areas, and in any soil that isn’t wet. It is drought resistant once established, and very resistant to salt spray. Pest and disease free, it is very easy to grow. Avoid trimming to retain the graceful form of this beautiful plant.]]>
    Juniper’s are abundant in garden landscapes – some might say too abundant. There are a few varieties that are grown so widely they have become boring, so time to consider a unique juniper that is not seen so often, but that is fantastic for easy-care gardening. Making a striking specimen, around 4 feet tall and wide, this beautiful bush has a low arching form with long, slightly pendulous stems creating a graceful and satisfying look. Best of all, the foliage is simply gorgeous, starting each year a beautiful sulfur-yellow, creamy bright with a hint of lime. Over the summer it transforms into a beautiful silver-blue, really standing out in fall and through the winter, before bouncing back again in golden tones. Used in your foundation planting it can’t be beaten as an accent, and since it stays low with a flat top, it won’t grow up and obscure windows or other plants – no need for trimming. It looks great out on a lawn, and it’s perfect mixed with other colorful conifers among gravel and boulders, or flowing down a slope. Tough, easy, reliable and beautiful, let’s put our hands together for Mr. Holger Jensen, and the great juniper he has given us.

    Growing Holger’s Juniper

    Size and Appearance

    Holger’s Juniper is a conifer evergreen forming a broad mound, 3 to 5 feet tall and about the same width. It develops with a flat top and more-or-less horizontal branches, ending in graceful, slightly pendulous stems. It branches densely from the ground, and only after many years does it develop a noticeable trunk at ground level. The bark flakes attractively, and is dark brown. The leaves are densely packed along the stems, each one a slender tapering triangle, standing out a little from the stem and ending in a narrow point. New growth is creamy-yellow to a slightly greenish sulfur-yellow, and it holds that color for some weeks, making a great contrast in your beds. Gradually the color fades, until by late summer it is a striking silver-blue, which then holds throughout winter until new growth develops in spring. Old plants may develop glossy black berries about one-third of an inch in diameter.

    Using Holger’s Juniper in Your Garden

    This evergreen is perfect for a striking foreground in your foundation planting. It’s graceful, slightly pendulous form and dramatic colors really stand out and add great beauty to your garden. It could be used in the foreground of larger garden beds, alone or as an edging. It is especially effective on slopes and among boulders and rocks, and even as an interesting lawn specimen. It could also be grown in a planter, and it is a beautiful and easy plant for making into a bonsai tree.


    Holger’s Juniper is hardy almost everywhere, growing from zone 4 to zone 8, in all but the hottest and coldest parts of the country. It grows well in mountain areas and in dry regions, but also in urban locations. Despite its horizontal growth, the stems are very strong and resist even heavy snow loads without breaking.

    Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

    Like all junipers, Holger’s Juniper grows best in full sun, with the most vigorous and dense growth, and the best foliage colors. It will grow in any well-drained soil, including sandy and rocky ground, poor urban soils, clays, and in ordinary garden soils as well. It is drought tolerant and has a high tolerance of salt-spray in coastal locations.

    Maintenance and Pruning

    Usually free of pests or diseases, Holger’s Juniper is incredibly easy to grow. Water regularly when newly planted, but once a good root system has developed it is tough, reliable and drought resistant. It is best left untrimmed, to enjoy the natural arching form, but if you do need to reduce its spread, do this by trimming branches back to just in front of a branch growing upwards, so that the cut is hidden. Don’t trim with shears or hedge trimmers.

    History and Origin of Holger’s Juniper

    The scaly juniper, Juniperus squamata, is called that because of the scale-like pointed leaves and the flaking bark. It is also called the Himalayan juniper because it grows across a large area from northeastern Afghanistan to western Yunnan in China. It is found up to 15,000 feet above sea-level. Known as gao shan bai (高 山 柏) in China, it is a popular tree for bonsai and penjing, admired for the way it develops weather-beaten gray trunks and horizontal forms.

    The variety called ‘Holger’ was found as a unique seedling in 1946 by Holger Jensen of Ramloesa Nursery in Helsingborg, Sweden. It is likely that it is actually a hybrid plant, from a cross that took place at the nursery between a plant of Juniperus squamata and a plant of Juniperus x pfitzeriana ‘Pfitzeriana Aurea’, a large hybrid juniper with golden foliage.

    Buying Holger’s Juniper at the Tree Center

    This striking juniper isn’t often available, so you aren’t going to see it in every garden in your neighborhood – just yours, where its graceful and unique beauty will make it a stand-out plant and give your garden a special look. Order now, because knowledgeable gardeners quickly buy quality plants like this one – they will soon all be gone.

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    Gold Star Juniper Wed, 16 Feb 2022 06:58:41 +0000
  • Low arching mound of gold and sea-green foliage
  • Good coloring throughout the winter months
  • Excellent ground cover for slopes and sunny areas
  • Cold, heat and salt-spray resistant
  • Top-rated deer-proof plant
  • Full sun is best for the Gold Star Juniper, which is cold resistant, and resists drought and salt-spray once established. It grows well in any well-drained soil, from clay to sandy gravel. Avoid wet areas and shade. It isn’t bothered by pests or diseases and rated highly for resisting deer too. Allow enough room when planting to be able to avoid trimming, and never cut back into older branches, which can’t re-sprout.]]>
    A spreading mound of golden foliage, radiating out like a star across your slopes and fronting your beds – the Gold Star Juniper is a wonderful year-round addition to your garden. It’s one that won’t have you out trimming, or one that you will regret buying once it engulfs your beds. Yet it’s broad enough to cover significant areas, rising 3 feet into the air and spreading out with a 5-foot reach. The golden needles stay that way all through the year, and look especially beautiful from late fall to early spring, a time when evergreens become the focus of garden interest, and when they really become the stars of our landscape. Don’t leave your garden lacking in winter beauty or bare of color – the tough and reliable Gold Star Juniper will grow almost anywhere, even at the coast, and thrive with minimal attention from you. You can give yourself a gold star for being smart enough to plant it.

    Growing the Gold Star Juniper

    Size and Appearance

    The Gold Star Juniper is a spreading conifer evergreen with horizontal branches radiating out from the central trunk just like the rays of a star. At first it is a single flat layer, but as it matures it develops multiple layers of branches, rising gradually to about 3 feet tall and ultimately to perhaps 4 feet tall. It spreads outwards into a circle that will become 5 or even 6 feet across within 10 years, so don’t overcrowd it when planting – allow enough room for its development.

    The branches are covered in sprays of foliage that is flat against the stems like scale when newly sprouting, but that is otherwise entirely made up of small triangular needles growing around the stems at an angle. These ‘juvenile’ leaves give a fluffy or fuzzy look to the plant, different from the thread-like leaves of many other junipers. The foliage is bright glowing yellow in spring and when newly-sprouted, turning chartreuse to sea-green as it matures. Older leaves are more bluish-green with golden overtones, and even in winter there is a significant golden look to the plant.

    The changing foliage colors create a lot of visual depth, with the center of the plant being darker, while the tips are bright yellow. Older plants may develop clusters of blue berry-like cones in winter, but these are not the juniper berries used for flavoring.

    Using the Gold Star Juniper in Your Garden

    This plant is highly-effective for covering areas of ground, especially on slopes, where it gives good erosion control. Plant it along the front of a bed along a driveway to soften the hard line, setting plants 18 to 24 inches back from the edge. Plant in groups to cover larger areas, allowing 3 or 4 feet between plants. Grow it among boulders and in rock gardens, or in sunny, exposed places, including sea-side locations. Turn a boring and bare slope into a cascade of beauty by mixing the Gold Star Juniper with a variety of other creeping and trailing plants like blue junipers and cotoneasters.


    The Gold Star Juniper is very cold-resistant, growing without winter damage in zone 4, and also growing well in just about every part of the country.

    Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

    Full sun is needed for good growth and color with the Gold Star Juniper. More than an hour or two of shade each day will turn the foliage more green, and encourage root diseases. This plant needs well-drained soil, so avoid wet and low-lying areas, but otherwise, it grows in just about any soil, from heavy clay to dry sands and gravels, including alkaline soils.

    Maintenance and Pruning

    Deer won’t eat it, and pests or diseases are not found when grown in the sun with good drainage. Really, there is nothing to do with the Gold Star Juniper but plant it, water each week for the first few months, and then enjoy it. It is drought resistant, so watering is rarely if even needed once it is well-established. We recommend allowing enough room when planting to avoid the need to trim, as this easily destroys the graceful arching and softly-weeping form of this tree. If you do need to reduce the spread, never cut back into branches without leaves, as they will not resprout. Remove the tips of branches by hand, cutting back to just in front of a shoot on the top of the stem, to hide the cut and keep it looking natural.

    History and Origin of the Gold Star Juniper

    If you are even in Berlin, visit the Späth Arboretum, where there is a very old juniper growing that was collected in 1866 by the French missionary and botanist Armand David in Inner Mongolia. At first this plant was thought to be an unusual form of the Chinese Juniper, Juniperus chinensis. In 1947 the American plantsman Peter Jacobus Van Melle took a deeper look at it, and realized it was a natural hybrid between the Chinese juniper and the savin juniper, Juniperus sabina. Both of them grow naturally in Mongolia. He named it Juniperus x media, a name still in use, but today the name Juniperus x pfitzeriana, the Pfitzer juniper, is more correct.

    In 1923 a Pfitzer juniper growing at the D. Hill Nursery in Dundee, Illinois sprouted a branch with golden foliage. This became Pfitzeriana Aurea. In 1961 some of those plants were growing at the wholesale nursery of J.C. Bakker & Sons Ltd. In St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. One plant seemed different to the sharp-eyed grower, and he put it aside, growing pieces of it and studying them for 9 years. It was indeed different, with a lower, more compact habit and with entirely juvenile foliage. In 1975 it was patented as Bakaurea, and that patent (PP# 3,801) expired in 1995. Although never registered as a trademark, the name Gold Star was given to this plant, and that name has stuck.

    Buying the Gold Star Juniper at the Tree Center

    This juniper has been around a while, but it has stood the test of time and still stands out as a great spreading juniper of medium size, that can be relied on for effective planting and durability. It is always popular and desirable, so order now, because out stock will soon all be gone.

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    Dwarf Garden Juniper Sun, 30 Jan 2022 02:34:18 +0000
  • Mounding and sprawling evergreen form
  • Spiky blue-green needles turn purple in winter
  • Unique form with wave-like descending branches
  • Tough and reliable even in difficult locations
  • Perfect ‘starter’ plant for creating bonsai trees
  • Full sun is best for the Dwarf Garden Juniper, but it can take a little shade for an hour or two each day. It grows best in well-drained soils, including poor, sandy, dry soils, rocky ground, and urban gardens. Avoid wet and rich soil, which can encourage diseases. Otherwise it is free of pests and diseases, and untroubled by deer. Don’t trim if growing naturally, but it does lend itself to trimming into topiary forms and ‘poodles’.]]>
    The world of evergreen conifers can be overwhelming when you are new to it. There are just so many different species and varieties that it would take several gardens to grow them all. So choosing just one is difficult, yet they are all so appealing. Especially in a small space, like an urban courtyard, or a tiny garden, you need to choose carefully, but take our word for it – and that of many experts. If you only have room for one small conifer, make it the Dwarf Garden Juniper. A plant that originated in Japan a very long time ago, it has the perfect look for any style of garden, and it is so versatile you can train it into just about anything you want. Always fresh, bright and super-attractive, the Dwarf Garden Juniper grows about 12 inches tall and can spread up to 6 feet across if left to grow naturally. Its dense, spiky blue-green foliage really looks great year round, and it looks perfect in all settings, including the always-fashionable Asian look.

    Even better, it lends itself to simple training that can turn it into almost anything, from a miniature topiary tree to a striking bonsai. With training it could be 3 or 4 feet tall, a column of tumbling branches. Or keep it flat, as nature intended, and let it do its own thing. However you treat it, you’ll love it.

    Growing the Dwarf Garden Juniper

    Size and Appearance

    The Dwarf Garden Juniper is a low-growing mounding evergreen conifer. It grows mostly outwards, with longer branches supporting shorter, stiff stems covered in dense foliage. It grows about 6 inches a year, spreading to about 5 feet across and a foot tall within 10 years. Older plants rise up more in the center, taking a mounded, slightly taller form, and could one day be 10 feet across. Always strikingly attractive, the branches are covered closely with triangular needles that lie partly flat and then push outwards, creating a ‘spiky’ look. They are a soft bluish green color, and can turn purple in winter when grown in colder zones. Although the branches curve downwards, the tips rise up, giving it a special and unique look that is very appealing. It doesn’t have the more typical horizontal, lacy growth we see in most spreading junipers, such as the Blue Rug Juniper. The usual dark-blue cones of junipers may occur on an old plant, but they are generally absent.

    Using the Dwarf Garden Juniper in Your Garden

    The special look and adaptability of this plant makes it ideal for gardens of all kinds. It is superb as a specimen growing among rocks and spilling over gravel. It will semi-cascade over a retaining wall, or creep up boulders or walls. It will grow down slopes, or nestle among other plants and flowers. Each plant develops a unique form, and this is the plant that you see in those amazing 500-year old juniper bonsai trees from Japan. It is ideal for training into special forms, including bonsai of course, but also Western-style topiary and miniature ‘poodle’ trees. From zone 5 or 6 it can be grown outdoors all year in a pot or planter, and looks fabulous in a courtyard or tiny urban space. It grows well in dry places, once established, and grows at the coast, even right on the beach.


    The incredibly tough Dwarf Garden Juniper will grow all the way from zone 4, where it lives without winter damage, into the heat and humidity of zone 9, so don’t worry, it will almost certainly grow well where you live – wherever that is.

    Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

    For best results, place the Dwarf Garden Juniper in full sun, but it will also take an hour or two of shade each day if it must. It grows easily in any well-drained soil, including dry, rocky, shallow and gravel soils. Urban conditions don’t bother it either. Avoid wet ground, especially in winter, as this can encourage root rots and leaf diseases. For containers, use a pot with a good drainage hole, and plant in soil for cactus and succulent plants.

    Maintenance and Pruning

    Normally free of pests or diseases, and untroubled by deer, and thriving in hot, dry locations once established, there really is nothing you need to do for this plant. Don’t trim it, unless you are creating a topiary. Use stakes to train up the main stems, and remove lower branches as needed, if you are making bonsai or special shapes.

    History and Origin of the Dwarf Garden Juniper

    The Japanese Garden Juniper, Juniperus procumbens, is only native to a few locations in Japan. It probably grows wild on the high mountains on Kyūshū and on some islands and along the coast of southern Japan, and also in the south and west of Korea. It may have been more widespread, but for centuries old trees have been dug up to grow as bonsai, and wild populations are now rare. It is closely related to the Chinese juniper, Juniperus chinensis, and is sometimes treated as a variety of that tree.

    From the late 19th century until WWII there was a thriving trade in plants from Japan to America, and many of our garden plants arrived in that period. The dwarf variety of garden juniper, Juniperus procumbens ‘Nana’, was first imported from Japan, where it was widely grown for bonsai and potted trees, by Arthur Hill. David Hill was a Scotsman who was sent to America in the 19th century to collect new plants for a British Botanic garden. He traveled to Dundee, Illinois seeking a distant relative, William Hill. When they met he eventually married William’s daughter, and when the money of the Botanic garden ran out, he started an evergreen nursery – D. Hill Nursery. His son Arthur Hill first listed the Dwarf Garden Juniper in their 1904 catalog.

    Buying the Dwarf Garden Juniper at the Tree Center

    A truly outstanding evergreen, and one that should be in every garden, you really must have the Dwarf Garden Juniper in yours. Because of the high demand for this tree supplies are always stretched, and supply-chain difficulties mean our stock is limited. So order now – you won’t regret it for a moment.

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    Pancake Juniper Sun, 30 Jan 2022 02:29:55 +0000
  • The lowest spreading juniper in the world
  • Flat mat of silver-blue evergreen foliage
  • only 3 inches tall but several feet across
  • Turns purple in cold winters
  • Very resistant to drought, poor soil and salt-spray
  • Full sun is needed by the Pancake Juniper, to keep its foliage color and dense growth. Grow in any well-drained soil, including poor sandy soils, rocky ground, gravels, and poor urban conditions. Avoid wet soil and shaded areas as that encourages diseases to develop. Generally free of all pests and diseases when in suitable soil, it isn’t normally eaten by deer. It is resistant to salt spray and doesn’t need any trimming or special care.]]>
    For many gardeners the ideal garden has no visible soil. Gardens full of green and color is the goal, and for that you need a diversity of plants. When you need a covering over the earth that is very low, or where you want to soften rocks, hard edges and retaining walls, we often don’t want any height – just cover. If you want to combine a level no higher than a lawn with toughness, durability and drought resistance, it’s time you discovered the Pancake Juniper. Flat as that breakfast treat, this is the lowest growing juniper in existence. It stays an incredible 3 inches tall, and spreads out into a dense mat 3 feet or more across. Creeping across any surface, climbing up rocks or cascading down walls, this great little evergreen is a tough as they come, and handsome too, with its bright silver-blue scaly leaves sparkling in the sunshine that it loves.

    Growing the Pancake Juniper

    Size and Appearance

    The Pancake Juniper is a low, creeping evergreen conifer, that sends out radiating stems lying flat on the ground. These spread out in fan shapes, and weave together, making a solid covering over the ground. It rises just 2 or 3 inches in the air – the height of a lawn – but grows outwards up to 6 inches a year, covering an area several feet across. It continues to keep growing as long as it is alive, continuously expanding, but never getting any taller. The scale-like needles are small and triangular, clinging to the stems tightly, forming a dense covering. They are bright silvery blue – brightest and bluest when new, and remaining a silvery gray-green year round. In winter, especially in colder zones, it may develop purple tones. It is about half the height of the otherwise similar Blue Rug Juniper (‘Wiltonii’). Older plants may occasionally produce a few of the small, dark-blue, rounded berries typical of female juniper varieties.

    Using the Pancake Juniper in Your Garden

    An eye-catching feature anywhere, the Pancake Juniper is perfect for adding interest to boring flat areas, or covering slopes and banks, where it will reduce soil erosion. Grow it among rocks and boulders, where it will follow the contours of them. Plant it at the top of a wall to cascade down, clinging closely, or use it to cover unsightly, rocky areas of dry soil. Plant it in the front of beds against a wide path, driveway or patio to soften the straight outline. It is very resistant to salt-spray, so it’s a great choice for a beach cottage or coastal garden. To cover larger areas, plant in groups, spacing each plant about 2 feet apart. Within a few years you will have a continuous silver-blue mat.


    Incredibly resistant to both heat and cold, the Pancake Juniper grows almost everywhere in the country, from chilly zone 3 to hot zone 9. It tolerates dry, desert atmospheres, and also hot and humid ones, as well as cold regions and exposed places.

    Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

    Full sun is best for the Pancake Juniper. More than a very little shade will weaken it, reduce growth, and turn the blue colors more green. It will grow in any well-drained soil, and that includes dry, sandy soils, stony ground and gravel, and urban waste. In fact, it prefers those drier places to over-rich, moist soils, which can encourage foliage diseases, especially if the area is wet in winter. Established plants are very drought-resistant, although young plants should be watered regularly during the first year, if the ground is dry.

    Maintenance and Pruning

    Pests and diseases are very rare, and deer leave it alone too, so the Pancake Juniper is very easy to grow. It doesn’t need trimming, but if you want to reduce the spread, do this by removing individual stems, cutting back to just in front of an upward facing stem, to keep the natural look.

    History and Origin of the Pancake Juniper

    The creeping Juniper, Juniperus horizontalis, is native to northern parts of North America, growing wild from Alaska through Canada and the northern states into New England. It is literally growing from sea to sea. Wild plants vary in height, but can be up to 18 inches tall and 10 feet wide. There are several different forms grown in gardens, but none as low-growing as the Pancake Juniper. It was discovered in the 1990s by Bill Janssen, who owned Collectors’ Nursery in Battle Ground, Washington State. He specialized in rare plants of many different kinds, but has now ceased business.

    Buying the Pancake Juniper at the Tree Center

    Junipers present a special challenge to growers, who must select pieces to root that have the correct habit – in this case horizontal, not vertical. Our growers take great care to preserve the exact characteristics of the variety, and you can be sure your plant will indeed be ‘flat as a pancake. Order now, though, as this variety is hard to obtain, and always sells out fast.

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    Gold Lace Juniper Tue, 05 Jan 2021 20:44:44 +0000
  • Beautiful gold foliage throughout the year
  • Uniform color all across the bush
  • Low spreading habit covers large areas
  • Soft, slightly pendulous branches
  • Very cold-hardy and drought resistant
  • The Gold Lace Juniper is very tough, growing from zone 4 into zone 9. It thrives in full sun, which will develop the best golden coloring. It will grow vigorously in any well-drained soil, including rocky and sandy soils and clay soils on banks and slopes. Avoid areas that are always wet, especially in winter. Pests, diseases and deer are almost never problems, and you can trim the branches to keep it more compact, if you wish, although the natural growth form is the best. This is an indispensable low-maintenance shrub for every garden.]]>
    Most gardens have large spaces in them that are boring if simply grass, and hard to maintain when turned into beds. The ideal would be to fill areas with plants that need little or no attention, yet add brightness and interest to the garden. Then your limited time can be spent on a few smaller areas, growing choice plants you love. Groundcover shrubs are the way to go, and they don’t have to be flat on the ground – we often need a little more height to give your layout more punch. For sunny areas nothing beats spreading junipers for this – they are super tough, they keep weeds away, and they take care of themselves. One of our favorites, and very useful for covering dry, sunny banks and slopes, is the Gold Lace Juniper. The wonderful year-round coloring has terrific garden impact, and the soft texture is attractive too. It grows moderately fast, not taking over but soon filling large spaces. Just a few will cover many square feet of ground and what’s not to like about all these benefits? Choose the Gold Lace Juniper to create a garden that takes care of itself.

    Growing the Gold Lace Juniper

    Size and Appearance

    The Gold Lace Juniper is a spreading evergreen shrub, which grows 6 to 12 inches a year, reaching a height of 4 or 5 feet and spreading up to 7 feet across. It has an attractive mounding form, with semi-pendulous branch tips that hang downwards in a graceful way. The fine, lacy foliage gives it a softer texture, and best of all the leaves are wonderful shades of pure gold not just at the tips of the branches, but all across the bush, throwing a carpet of gold across the brown earth. The color holds through winter and summer, bringing a stable element to your design, and lifting the colors of the green shrubs around it. The leaves are small, pyramid-shaped and pointed, growing outwards from the stems. In Junipers this is called ‘juvenile foliage’, and it gives the bush a softer look and a lacy effect which is delicate and attractive in the garden. Older bushes may develop round berry-like cones. These are juniper berries, but they are not the type used for cooking or making gin.

    Using the Gold Lace Juniper in Your Garden

    On banks or level ground, as part of your foundation planting or out in your garden beds, the Gold Lace Juniper is incredibly versatile and useful. Plant it in front of larger shrubs to create that essential layered look in your beds, or use it alone to cover slopes, where the foliage and roots prevent soil erosion. Plant it between stones on a rocky slope, or beside manholes and other ugly features, to hide them. Use it with other interesting conifers to fill sunny and dry areas with color and interesting shapes. For group planting, space plants up to 4 feet apart to create a solid covering in a few years.


    The Gold Lace Juniper is very hardy, thriving even in zone 4, and yet growing well all the way into zone 9. It is a plant for all American gardens.

    Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

    Although the Gold Lace Juniper will grow in shade, the gold coloring develops best in full sun, and plants in full shade will produce thin, pale green foliage. So plant it out in the sun and enjoy those great gold colors. It grows best in any well-drained soil, but avoid areas that are wet, especially places wet through winter. It enjoys open, sandy soils and rocky ground, but on slopes and banks it will grow in clay soils too. Alkaline soils and saline soils are also tolerated, and this plant is resistant to salt spray, so it’s a good choice for coastal areas. Established plants are very resistant to long periods of drought.

    Maintenance and Pruning

    Pests and diseases are virtually unknown on the Gold Lace Juniper, and deer normally ignore it. Some evergreen fertilizer is beneficial in spring to maximize the growth of young plants. It grows naturally dense and looks most attractive untrimmed. It can, if you wish, be sheared into a low hedge, but you must start trimming when young, because bare branches, with no needles on them, will not re-sprout. To keep it more compact, remove the ends of the branches, cutting beneath an upward-facing shoot to hide the cut end, keeping a natural look.

    History and Origin of the Gold Lace Juniper

    Back in 1866, a French missionary and botanist called Armand David was exploring Inner Mongolia. There he found an unusual juniper, which he sent back to Europe. That original plant is still growing at the Späth Arboretum in Berlin. It was at first thought to be a form of the Chinese Juniper, Juniperus chinensis. In 1947 the American plantsman Peter Jacobus Van Melle studied that species, and realized that the Späth Arboretum plant was a natural hybrid between the Chinese juniper and the savin juniper, Juniperus sabina. Both of them grow naturally in Mongolia. He named it Juniperus x media, but later botanists renamed it Juniperus x pfitzeriana, the Pfitzer juniper, which today is its correct name.

    Junipers often produce branches that have mutated, and look different from the rest of the plant. In 1923 a Pfitzer juniper at the D. Hill Nursery in Dundee, Illinois sprouted a branch with golden foliage, which became a popular plant, called ‘Pfitzeriana Aurea’. In 1983 a group of those plants were growing at the wholesale nursery J.C. Bakker & Sons Ltd. In St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. A unique branch was seen on one of the plants and new plants were made from pieces of that branch. Its more compact, lower growth, and persistent, uniform gold color made it unique, and it was patented in 1993 with the name ‘Gold Lace’. That patent expired in 2013.

    Buying the Gold Lace Juniper at the Tree Center

    You will love the graceful way the Gold Lace Juniper covers the ground, and its vibrant gold coloring, which is so stable through the year. It is a big improvement over older gold junipers, and always in high demand. Order the plants you need right away, as we won’t have it on the farm for much longer.

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    Daub’s Frosted Juniper – Tree Form Tue, 05 Jan 2021 20:38:49 +0000
  • Beautiful miniature evergreen tree with arching branches
  • Striking golden tips on lime-green branches
  • Raised on a stem for maximum display
  • Resistant to summer scorching
  • Trouble free and never eaten by deer
  • ‘Daub’s Frosted’ Juniper is hardy from zone 4 to 9, or from zone 5 in a planter box. Unlike lots of golden evergreens, it won’t scorch in the summer sun – in fact it loves sunshine and hot locations in any soil, including sand and rock. Avoid shade and wet places. Rabbits and deer normally leave it completely alone, and pests and diseases are almost never problems. You can train it and keep it compact by removing some stem tips, but don’t take the trimmers to it or you will destroy its graceful arching form.]]>
    It is always a problem in small gardens getting height without too much width. There are a few slender pencil trees, but ‘arching and graceful’ often turns into ‘big and spreading’ in a very short time. You won’t have this problem with ‘Daub’s Frosted’ Tree-form Juniper. By raising this spreading shrub on a short stem, it transformed from ground-cover into a beautiful arching specimen perfect for smaller gardens and spaces. Its graceful form is brought to life by the frosting of golden-yellow that kisses the branches in spring and early summer, and the sharp lime-green of the foliage the rest of the year is pretty cool too. As an eye-catching feature in a bed of low shrubs it’s a winner, or make unique planter boxes with this beauty and trailing plants – perhaps a blue juniper – underneath. Tough and drought-resistant, a box like that will forgive your long weekend away, when annual flowers will welcome you home with a scene of sullen death.

    Growing ‘Daub’s Frosted’ Juniper

    Size and Appearance

    ‘Daub’s Frosted’ Juniper grown naturally is a spreading evergreen with branches that sprout out at a low angle, and then arch over so that the tips hang down. While growing, through spring, and much of the summer, and even in early fall, the new growth is bright, cheerful yellow, a true frosting on the cake. Deeper inside the plant, and all over during late fall and winter, it’s a sparkling lime-green – always a hit fashion color in the garden. We asked our growers to raise some young plants up on a 2-foot tall stem, transforming this great plant into something super-special. Raising it up really shows off the arching growth and turns a low spreader into a brilliant feature plant. Over time it will grow to at least 3 feet across, and add a foot or two in height, so you are looking at a plant that is 3 to 4 feet tall and wide. The stem will thicken into a sturdy trunk that holds it up perfectly – a truly unique plant that catches lots of attention. This variety might produce some tiny male flowers you won’t even notice, but it doesn’t produce any berries – it’s a male bush. Unlike many other evergreens with golden leaves, this one doesn’t scorch in the summer sun, even in zones 8 and 9, so it always looks perfect.

    Using ‘Daub’s Frosted’ Juniper in Your Garden

    Small gardens often need some height, but it has to be contained, and that can be hard to find. This makes our tree-form ‘Daub’s Frosted’ Juniper bushes super-valuable if you garden with limited space. Mind you, they will look great in a bigger garden too, placed in a foreground position. Plant it as a center-piece in a round bed, or as an accent among all kinds of spreading shrubs. It loves to show off in planters or a tub, making a great show all on its own, or standing guard over trailing plants underneath.


    ‘Daub’s Frosted’ Juniper is easy to grow in cold zones, thriving even in zone 4. Incredibly, it also loves the heat of zone 9, and everything in between – a plant for all gardens.

    Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

    You should definitely plant your ‘Daub’s Frosted’ Juniper in full sun – it will sulk and turn green in the shade. It grows well in just about all soils, even tough clays and urban soils, as long as they aren’t wet. Sand and gravel is fine too, because this shrub loves heat and hates wet feet. Once established it is very drought resistant and won’t be bothered by dry, dry conditions.

    Maintenance and Pruning

    You won’t find pests or diseases bothering this bush, and both deer and rabbits leave it alone. That means it is virtually zero maintenance, after a little attention to watering during the first season or two. It won’t mind a spring sprinkle of evergreen fertilizer, though, if you have a minute. We don’t recommend any trimming, and this tough guy doesn’t usually break even under heavy snow. If you do need to trim, please don’t take the hedge trimmer to it, you can destroy that graceful arching look in seconds. You can reduce the spread by cutting out the ends of the stems, always finding a small branch on top and cutting directly under it – you won’t even notice the cut if you do it right.

    History and Origin of ‘Daub’s Frosted’ Juniper

    The Pfitzer Juniper, Juniperus x pfitzeriana, is one of the oldest garden evergreens still being grown – it’s that good. It was found in Germany, at the Späth Arboretum in Berlin. The last time we checked that original plant, from 1890, was still growing strong. Although it’s a hybrid between Juniperus sabina and Juniperus chinensis, it’s a natural one that was found by a plant collector, growing wild in Inner Mongolia. It’s a large plant, with blue-green foliage. Sometime before 1970 Hillside Nurseries, in Morgan, Massachusetts, found a plant in their beds that was a Pfitzer with year-round golden foliage. It was much smaller and lower, and was called ‘Mordigan Gold’. Then, in 1987, at the John Mitsch Nursery, in Aurora, Oregon, someone spotted a unique branch on a plant of ‘Mordigan Gold’. It has a two-tone pattern oof lime-green and gold. In that way the variety ‘Daub’s Frosted’ was born.

    Buying ‘Daub’s Frosted’ Juniper at the Tree Center

    Of course you have to use stem pieces, not seeds, to grow more plants of ‘Daub’s Frosted’. More difficult, and it takes a highly-skilled horticulturist to turn that piece into a great tree-form plant like these ones in our nursery. So plants like this are rare, and they never stay long on our farm – order yours now.

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    Gold Coast® Juniper Fri, 16 Oct 2020 19:57:26 +0000
  • Beautiful year-round golden yellow foliage
  • Compact, low spreading evergreen
  • Attractive lacy foliage
  • Grows well in cold regions
  • Resistant to heat and drought
  • A place in full sun is perfect for the Gold Coast® Juniper, which thrives in hot and dry locations. It is very cold-hardy as well. It grows in any well-drained soil, including shallow, rocky soils, and heavy clay on sloping ground. It is normally free of pests or diseases, ignored by deer and rabbits, and it doesn’t need trimming to stay compact and attractive.]]>
    Low-growing evergreens are perfect ways to fill in the foreground of your beds, or to cover slopes and banks. These durable and trouble-free plants fill spaces with interest and color, and they really add to the beauty of your garden, while needing almost no work. The problem with many of them is their vigor and tendency to spread too much and be hard to trim. That’s why we love the Gold Coast® Juniper, which stays compact and bushy, without growing too tall or too wide. It forms a dense, weed-smothering mass of beauty, and it combines a soft, lacy look with brilliant gold foliage that doesn’t turn green, but stays gold all year, and even darkens and becomes richer during the winter months.

    Growing the Gold Coast® Juniper

    Size and Appearance

    The Gold Coast Juniper is a spreading evergreen conifer that grows 2 feet tall and 4 feet wide within a few years. It continues to fill in and become denser, reaching perhaps 3 feet tall and 6 feet wide after 10 years. Like all conifers it will continue to grow while it lives, adding a few inches a year, but not becoming huge, as many other spreading junipers will do. The young foliage is usually fluffy, with short triangular leaves coming from the stems at a sharp angle. Older branches, and most older plants, have smooth stems, covered in flat, scale-like leaves, giving a lacy, elegant look to this plant. It forms an attractive mound, and the branch tips are slightly weeping. The new growth in spring is a bright, brilliant yellow, and it holds that color all year, darkening to a rich gold over summer and through winter, but never turning green. If untrimmed older plants may begin to reveal their larger branches, which are attractively covered in gray-brown bark that peels in strips, giving a rugged, mature look to older plants.

    Using the Gold Coast® Juniper in Your Garden

    The Gold Coast Juniper is perfect for covering the ground anywhere in your garden. This tough plant thrives in hot sun and drier places, so use it on sunny banks and slopes, where it forms a beautiful layered covering. Plant it among rocks, or plant it in the foreground of your shrub beds. Grow it beside manholes and drain grids, where it will cover them very effectively within a short time. It is perfect for large rock gardens, and everywhere you need to cover the ground with beauty. For mass planting, space plants 3 or 4 feet apart to develop a continuous groundcover within a few years.


    This very tough plant is happy growing in zone 3 with its snow and icy temperatures, and just as happy growing in zone 9, basking in the hot sun. It tolerates cold, heat, humidity and dryness.

    Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

    To keep the growth compact and richly colored, plant the Gold Coast Juniper in full sun. Shady locations will turn it greener and make the growth thin and open. It will however tolerate an hour or two of shade each day without problems. This plant thrives in any well-drained soil, but it doesn’t like ‘wet feet’. It grows in ordinary garden conditions, as well as in shallow, rocky and sandy soils. It tolerates urban soils and air pollution too. In heavy clay it is best planted on slopes and higher ground, not in low-lying spots that stay wet.

    Maintenance and Pruning

    Not only is the Gold Coast Juniper beautiful, it needs almost no care. Once it has become established it is very drought tolerant, and rarely, if ever, needs watering. It is normally free of pests and diseases, deer leave it alone, and so do rabbits. With its relatively compact growth it rarely if ever needs pruning but if you do need to control its spread a little, cut back stems with pruners just in front of an upward-growing stem, which hides the cut and keeps the growth looking natural and attractive. Never cut back to a bare branch, because if there are no leaves the stem can never re-sprout – it will remain bare and die. Shearing and trimming will destroy the elegant, lacy, mounding form of this plant, and it isn’t necessary or advised.

    History and Origin of the Gold Coast® Juniper

    The Gold Coast Juniper is a selected form of the Pfitzer juniper, Juniperus x pfitzeriana. This plant is a natural hybrid between two other junipers, the savin juniper, Juniperus sabina, and the Chinese juniper, Juniperus chinensis. It was found growing wild in Inner Mongolia in 1866 by the French missionary and botanist Armand David. Later, in the 1890s, it was identified as a hybrid at the Späth Arboretum, in Berlin. For many years the Pfitzer juniper and its forms were placed under Juniperus x media, and that name is still sometimes seen.

    All junipers can produce individual branches that look different from the main plant, and the first form with golden leaves was found in 1923, growing on a branch of a Pfitzer juniper at the D. Hill Nursery in Dundee, Illinois. It was named ‘Pfitzeriana Aurea’. In 1964 Frank Sakiyama was working in his nursery in San Gabriel, California. Among some plants of ‘Pfitzeriana Aurea’ he noticed one that was different. He grew it separately and confirmed its more compact form and attractive lacy growth. He patented it in 1965 (PP# 2,491) without a name. That patent expired in 1985. The name ‘Aurea Improved’ was given to Sakiyama’s plant by Monrovia Nurseries, California, and in 1982 they registered the trademark name Gold Coast® for it, which is the name it is usually known by today.

    Buying the Gold Coast® Juniper at The Tree Center

    Many junipers become large and sprawling – a problem in smaller gardens and where space is limited. Not the Gold Coast Juniper, which stays compact and low, without needing trimming. This variety is highly recommended by experts, and it always sells well. Order what you need now, or they will all be gone.

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    Idyllwild Juniper Tue, 22 Sep 2020 19:03:14 +0000 grows rapidly to be 10 or 20 feet tall, staying less than 10 feet wide. In time it will grow taller and become more tree-like. The soft foliage is in fern-like sprays, and it is a rich, clean green without any blue, staying that way all through winter. This tree has more character than many other slender evergreens, and it’s a great addition to a semi-natural garden. As a native tree it is perfect for a wild-flower garden, and its drought tolerance makes it ideal for xeric or water-wise gardening.
    • Rich green foliage all year round
    • Pyramidal form with slightly twisted branches
    • To choice for xeric gardening
    • Native tree for natural and wild-flower gardens
    • Highly resistant to both cold and drought
    Plant the Idyllwild Juniper in full sun for the best growth, but a little partial shade is tolerated well. Any well-drained soil is suitable, including rocky and sandy soils, heavy clays, urban soils and limestone soils. It is hardy all across the country, accepting both cold and heat, as well as periods of drought. Insects and pests normally never bother it, and deer leave it alone. You can trim it if you want, but this tree looks best grown naturally.]]>
    We all love to see upright evergreens around the garden – they give structure and form, and make attractive accents, catching the eye and helping us take in the garden scene more slowly. There is always a danger, though, of them being bland and featureless, ‘cardboard cut-outs’ perhaps, of ‘real’ plants. Especially in less formal settings, and in today’s styles of natural gardening, we want plants that have more character and personality. The Idyllwild Juniper is such a plant – full of character. It is upright, with a flame-like profile, but the individual branches have a twist to them, giving the bush a certain flair and ruggedness. As it matures the smooth outline becomes more broken as the branches curve a little and grow out as well as up. Some plants take decades to develop this kind of rugged character, but the fast-growing Idyllwild Juniper does it much more quickly. Eye-catching certainly, and also incredibly tough and reliable even in difficult locations, this plant stands out from the crowd. Of course, if you want to trim it each year, you can still enjoy its rich green, year-round, coloring, and its durability – it’s a win-win.

    Growing the Idyllwild Juniper

    Size and Appearance

    The Idyllwild Juniper is an upright evergreen that grows rapidly to reach 10 to 20 feet, with a spread, if untrimmed, of between 5 and 10 feet. It will continue to grow as long as it lives, and older trees could become significantly larger in time. It has a strong central trunk, that develops an attractive fluted base, with flaring roots and a rugged, red-brown peeling bark. The side branches arise almost vertically, and the tree naturally develops a pyramidal or flame-shaped form. When young it is dense and bushy, and over time the side branches become more noticeable, as they grow more outwards, but still vertical. The foliage tends to develop twisted shapes, so the ‘flame’ seems to almost flicker and shift. It soon develops a strong, rugged look that is very attractive in the garden.

    The foliage is a rich, bright green, without any blue or silvery overtones. It delivers its bold greenness 365 days of the year, without any browning. The leaves are of the ‘adult’ type. Junipers develop triangular, pointed leaves when young seedlings, and some varieties keep this ‘juvenile’ foliage throughout their life, giving junipers a reputation for being prickly. Others, like the Idyllwild Juniper, have smooth foliage, with tiny, scale-like leaves that cling tightly to the stems, giving the stems a fern-like appearance. When clipped this foliage will grow very dense, making a smooth, solid surface. There are no prickles when you brush past or handle the Idyllwild Juniper, which makes it a great plant for close to your home and where children play. This tree is not normally seen to produce cones, so it is not clear if it is a male or female tree.

    Using the Idyllwild Juniper in Your Garden

    The Idyllwild Juniper is the perfect choice where you want a striking specimen that is upright and bold, with branches almost to the ground. Its beautiful pyramidal form looks great on a lawn, alone or in a cluster, or growing up a slope or bank. Plant one among the rounded shapes of your foundation planting, as an accent, for example between two windows. Use one to create a focal point to see from across the garden, or plant it on the south side of a cluster of trees. It also makes a great screening plant, spaced 5 feet apart, or a sturdy green hedge for an exposed position, spaced 3 feet apart. With its high drought-resistance, it is a great choice for xeric or ‘water-wise’ gardening in areas with low rainfall or water restrictions. It is very resistant to wind too, so it is an excellent choice for a windbreak, planted alone or with other trees.


    The Idyllwild Juniper will grow well all across the country. Only southern Florida and south coastal California are too hot, and although we suggest zone 3 as a lower limit, it is quite likely that this plant will grow well even in zone 2.

    Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

    Grow your Idyllwild Juniper in full sun, although it can tolerate a couple of hours of shade each day without any problem. This tree grows easily almost everywhere, and the only soil it will not tolerate is one that is always wet. It grows in shallow, rocky soils, sands and gravels, heavy clay, acid or alkaline soils, and degraded urban soils too – this is one tough tree. Once established it is very drought resistant and it needs no supplementary watering.

    Maintenance and Pruning

    One of the main features of this tree is the rugged, slightly twisted foliage and growth, so we don’t recommend clipping it. It can, however, be clipped easily, at any time between late spring and early fall, if you wish to. It normally has no pests or diseases, deer ignore it, and air pollution in cities is never a problem. It is best to allow just one central stem to grow as the tree increases in height, so if you see two distinct ‘leaders’, cut one back well below the other. This will prevent the development of a split crown, which could break in a storm.

    History and Origin of the Idyllwild Juniper

    The Eastern Red Cedar, Juniperus virginiana, grows across a large part of North America, from southeastern Canada into Florida, and west to Montana in the north and New Mexico in the south. It is an important pioneer species – that is, it grows in disturbed and degraded areas, such as abandoned farms and mine sites, arriving long before other trees. This shows you just how tough a plant it is, and why it can grow in almost every garden in the country. As happens sometimes, we have no record of where this tree might have originated. We can guess that is was selected from a batch of seedlings, but it could also be pieces from a tree spotted in the wild.

    Buying the Idyllwild Juniper at The Tree Center

    For the perfect balance between ‘neat’ and ‘rugged’, it’s hard to beat the Idyllwild Juniper. Its rich green coloring is reliable, and this tough, durable plant is perfect for busy people with no time for gardening. Order now, because this rare variety is rarely offered, and it sells out fast.

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    Hillspire Juniper Tue, 22 Sep 2020 18:40:30 +0000
  • Slender, pyramidal evergreen tree
  • Rich green foliage every day of the year
  • Ideal for hot, dry and sunny spots
  • Grows well in every state of the union
  • Ideal pollinator for berry-carrying junipers
  • Grow the Hillspire Juniper in full sun or a little partial shade, in any well-drained soil. Shallow, rocky soils, sandy soil, or clay, all of them are suitable. Once established this plant is very drought resistant, and it is as happy in zone 3 as it is in zone 9 – a tree for every garden across the country. It normally has no pests or diseases, deer and rabbits leave it alone, and it is resistant to salt-spray and strong winds.]]>
    Among evergreen conifers, finding pure green, all year round, is surprisingly difficult. Even the small number of green ones often turn bronzy or golden during the winter months, especially in cold areas. Many of us want rich green hedges and specimens all year round, so when we find evergreens that hold their color, they are very desirable. As well, we often have difficult places to plant in, either very cold, very hot, or very dry – and sometimes all three through the year. So here at the Tree Center, when we find a supply of an evergreen that is always rich green, no matter the season, and that is totally hardy in zone 3, yet just as tough in zone 9, we celebrate. Add in big-time drought resistance and deer resistance too and you can only be talking about one plant – the Hillspire Juniper. This tough and reliable evergreen has a strong upright habit, and it will in time reach as much as 30 feet tall. But it is also easily trimmed to keep it shorter, and turned into great hedges, screens, or garden specimens. Simply unbeatable – and a native tree as well.

    Growing the Hillspire Juniper

    Size and Appearance

    The Hillspire Juniper is an upright, slender evergreen that grows 6 to 12 inches a year, so that it will be 10 feet tall, and just 2 feet wide, within 10 years. It will grow in time into a tree around 20 feet tall, and it can even reach 30 feet. It has a dense form, with branches that rise upwards, so it remains slim, between 3 and 10 feet wide even as it matures.

    The foliage of the Hillspire Juniper is rich green all year round, a big plus for the garden. It is of the type called ‘adult’ – the tiny, scale-like leaves cling closely to the thin stems, making dense clusters of smooth foliage, without the prickly roughness often found in some kinds of junipers. When clipped it forms a very dense surface, soft to the touch, and perfect where you need to pass close by your plants.

    Junipers have separate male and female trees, and this is a male tree, so it doesn’t produce any berries. If you have other Junipers which do, like the Canaerti Juniper, the Emerald Feather Juniper or the Emerald Sentinel Juniper, then having a Hillspire Juniper nearby will give you the big and beautiful berry crops those trees are renowned for.

    Using the Hillspire Juniper in Your Garden

    With its tight form the Hillspire Juniper is perfect wherever you need a vertical specimen or a narrow screen. Even if you don’t clip it this tree won’t spread wide and crowd out other plants, so use it among bushes around your home, between windows or as a pair on either side of a doorway or gate. Use it for accents, in the center of a bed, or at the corners, or to create a focal point at the end of a pathway. Plant a row for screening – it’s fast growing and won’t take long to fill out and reach a good height. 3 feet apart is perfect for a hedge you are going to clip, and 4 or 5 feet apart is the ideal spacing for an unclipped screen. Because it is salt and wind resistant, it can be planted in the most exposed sites.


    One of the best things about the Hillspire Juniper is its toughness in the face of both cold and heat. It can literally be planted everywhere in the country (except for southern Florida and coastal southern California), growing well from zone 3 to zone 9, and probably in zone 2 as well.

    Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

    Full sun is the best position for the Hillspire Juniper, although it will be fine if there are a few shady hours each day. Since it grows so well in sun it is perfect for those hot, bright spots. It will grow in any soil at all, except for wet ones. Sand, clay, acid or alkaline – it’s all the same to this tree, and the challenges of shallow rocky ground and sandy soil are easily met. This is an outstanding tree for its ability to thrive where many other plants will fail, so tackle those difficult spots with confidence. Once you have watered it regularly while it becomes established, drought is never going to phase it at all. Neither is salt spray, or strong winds, so it’s ideal for beach fronts and coastal gardens.

    Maintenance and Pruning

    This tree is normally never bothered by pests or diseases, and neither deer nor rabbits want to eat it. If you want to trim, do this from an early age, because you can’t cut branches back too hard – there must always be some green on a branch for it to re-sprout. Trim regularly if needed, anytime from late spring to early fall, or at any time at all in warm zones.

    History and Origin of the Hillspire Juniper

    The Hillspire Juniper is a selected variety of Eastern Red Cedar, Juniperus virginiana. This tree is native to North America, growing over a large part of the east. It can be found growing wild from southeastern Canada all the way into northern Florida, and westward as far as the Rockies, from Montana to New Mexico. It is usually seen growing in areas where other trees cannot become established, because of poor soil and dryness, or a harsh environment. You can see from that how tough a tree it is and understand why it is so hardy and reliable in our gardens.

    In the 1920s, the D. Hill Nursery Co., in Dundee, Illinois, was the largest grower of evergreens in America. Sometime around 1925 a seedling red cedar was spotted by a grower at the nursery. It had a very slender form, and excellent green foliage. It wasn’t named until 1946, when it was called, ‘Cupressifolia’, meaning leaves like a cypress. Unfortunately, that name had already been used in 1932 for another plant. So, to avoid confusion, the Hill Nursery tree was renamed as ‘Hillspire’, which is now its correct name.

    Buying the Hillspire Juniper at The Tree Center

    If you are looking for tough, reliable, minimal maintenance plants, the Hillspire Juniper is the plant for you. The demand is always high for plants like this, so place your order quickly, because these plants will not be at our farm for very long at all.

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    Silver Juniper Mon, 21 Sep 2020 20:28:20 +0000
  • Brilliant silver-blue foliage
  • Upright, pyramidal form
  • Produces clusters of blue berries in fall
  • Very durable in both cold and heat
  • Ideal for dry conditions and shallow soil
  • Full sun is best for the Silver Juniper, as that will keep its leaves very silvery. This tree grows well in any well-drained soil, and it tolerates dry, shallow soils, sands, rocks and alkaline soils too. It grows anywhere across the country, in every state , and it is untroubled by pests or diseases, deer, salt or high winds.]]>
    Sparkling silver foliage is always a winner in a garden of any style. There is something striking about this effect, that makes these plants ideal as specimens. Placed among green foliage they create a striking contrast. Silver evergreens are always in demand, and the Silver Juniper, a form of the eastern red cedar, is an outstanding example. It is arguably the only native evergreen with silver foliage, so it could be a highlight of any garden of native plants. It could also ‘cross the Pacific’ and be pruned a little to give it the right character for an Asian look in your garden. Silver looks good in the sunlight, and this tree is tough enough to stand out in the hottest and driest spots, ideal for today’s xeric or ‘water-wise’ gardens. It could even be used to make a striking and unique silver hedge that could be a feature of your garden.

    Growing the Silver Juniper

    Size and Appearance

    The Silver Juniper is an attractive upright evergreen tree, growing 20 to 25 feet tall, with a spread of no more than 6 or 8 feet. This tree has a dense, pyramidal form, with upright branches. Mature trees do eventually develop a more open form if untrimmed. The branches remain close to the ground, but once the trunk becomes visible at the base you will see it is covered in attractive, flaking, reddish-brown bark, and the trunk is fluted, with a flaring base.

    The leaves are tiny silver-blue scales that cling tightly to the thin branches, which are in upright spreading fans. This smooth foliage gives the tree a soft feel, unlike other junipers that are often prickly. That is called ‘juvenile’ foliage, while the Silver Juniper has ‘adult’ foliage. In spring the new growth is a striking brilliant silver, and really eye-catching. In summer some bluer tones creep in, with perhaps a little green deep inside the tree, but the overall silver look is held well, and is strengthened by hot sun. In winter in colder zones some attractive bronzy-brown tones may suffuse the foliage.

    This is a female tree (Junipers have separate male and female trees), so it produces a big crop of juniper berries. These are round, carried in large clusters, and very ornamental. Green at first, they become striking cobalt-blue, with a silver powdery coating by fall, and they really add to the seasonal interest of this tree. They last well into winter, before being finally taken as an important winter food by your local bird populations. Although this tree will produce berries when grown alone, it will produce more if you plant a male tree nearby. We recommend the Burkii Juniper or the Hillspire Juniper, both attractive male trees with year-round green foliage.

    Using the Silver Juniper in Your Garden

    The Silver Juniper makes a striking specimen on a lawn, or in beds among green leaves. Plant it on rocky slopes and in natural settings or wild areas. Plant 3 feet apart for a hedge, and 4 or 5 feet apart for natural screening. Use it as an accent, or a focal point across your yard. Open out the tree by pruning it, and control its growth with stakes to make a striking ‘giant bonsai’ as the centerpiece of an Asian garden. Plant it among a collection of other evergreens of different colors and forms. You can see what a versatile tree this is.


    The Silver Juniper grows well from zone 3 all through zone 9, and in all climatic conditions, so it literally can be planted in every state, except for southern Florida and south coastal California.

    Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

    Full sun is best for the Silver Juniper, but it could be grown successfully with an hour or two of shade each day. It thrives in any well-drained soil, from shallow, rocky sands to heavy clays, and in both acid and alkaline conditions. Only wet soil is unsuitable. If you have hot, dry places, this is the perfect choice. After some regular watering in the first years it will never need water again, even in severe drought. It grows well in tough urban conditions too, tolerating compacted soil and air pollution.

    Maintenance and Pruning

    There is no need to trim this tree to keep its pyramidal form for many years, but it does trim easily if you want, anytime between late spring and early fall, or year-round in hot zones. When trimming, don’t cut back to bare branches – these will never re-sprout. You can also train the tree into spirals, pom-poms, and other topiary forms. It almost never suffers from any pests or diseases, deer don’t bother it, and it resists salt-spray and strong winds as well.

    History and Origin of the Silver Juniper

    The Silver Juniper was selected from among seedlings of the Eastern Red Cedar, Juniperus virginiana. That native American tree has a large range across most of the country, from Canada to northern Florida and west to Montana and New Mexico. It is a true pioneer, moving into disturbed areas and abandoned farms before any other trees. This is why it is such a great plant for those difficult spots in your garden. The variety we call ‘Glauca’ has been known for a long time. It was first recorded by the French authority on conifers, Élie-Abel Carrière, as growing in France before 1868. It was probably first brought back to America by the Arnold Arboretum, in Boston, who brought a plant from the Spaeth Nursery in Germany in 1901. That plant is still growing at the Arboretum, and it could easily be a great-great-grandparent of the tree you will be planting.

    Buying the Silver Juniper at The Tree Center

    This tree is one of our favorite Junipers, with real character, and tough as nails. It is always in high demand, so choose what you need right away, as we won’t be able to satisfy your order once our stock is gone.

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